The first Solar Eclipse or Surya Grahan of the year will occur on Thursday, June 10, although it will not be visible in India save for a few minutes before sunset in some parts of Arunachal Pradesh and Ladakh. First, the partial eclipse will begin around 11:42 a.m. IST, and the annular eclipse will begin around 3:30 p.m. and last until 4:52 p.m., though at varying intervals for different regions, depending on one’s geographical position.
The solar eclipse will be visible from parts of the eastern United States, northern Alaska, Canada, and parts of the Caribbean, Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. The annular solar eclipse of 2021 will begin at 01:42 PM (IST) in most regions and will end at 06:41 PM (IST) (IST).
Only residents in Ladakh and Arunachal Pradesh in India will be able to see the solar eclipse.
A solar eclipse is a rare astronomical occurrence that happens several times a year. The solar system has eight major planets that orbit around the Sun, according to astronomy and the International Astronomical Union. Mars, Earth, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are the eight major planets. Satellites orbit every planet. The moon is an earthly satellite that continues to orbit around it. When the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth while circling around the Earth, the Moon partially or totally blocks the sunlight, this is known as a Solar Eclipse.
“The path of the eclipse will not touch almost any part of India, barring the North-Eastern extremes of the country in Arunachal Pradesh and Ladakh”, said Debiprasad Duari, Director of Kolkata’s M P Birla Planetarium.
When people observed the Moon during an eclipse hundreds of years ago, they noticed Earth’s shadow on the Moon and realized the Earth is round, according to NASA. “Even after all these years, scientists are still learning about the Moon from lunar eclipses, NASA said.
Solar eclipses are also used by scientists to study the Sun’s corona, which is the Sun’s outermost layer. NASA employs a variety of techniques during an annular solar eclipse. “ground and space instruments to view the corona when the Moon blocks the Sun’s glare.”
Why is it called ‘Ring of Fire’?
The solar eclipse of June 10 will be an annular Solar Eclipse wherein the moon covers the sun in a way that its edges remain uncovered and hence form a ‘Ring of Fire’.
The annular solar eclipse occurs when the sun, moon, and earth all line up in a straight line, virtually parallel to each other. When a ring of fire appears in the sky, it is a partial eclipse.
According to Timeanddate.com, the astronomical event will begin at 01:42 PM (IST) and will last until 06:41 PM (IST). The annular “ring of fire” will last approximately 3 minutes and 51 seconds.